Facts About Zambia

Key facts about Zambia

  • Full name: Republic of Zambia
  • Population: 13.8 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Area: 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq miles)
  • Major language: English (official), Bemba, Lozi, Nyanja, Tonga
  • Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 50 years (women) (UN)
  • Main exports: Copper, minerals, tobacco
  • GNI per capita: US $1,160 (World Bank, 2011)

Key Statistics: Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health (Unicef)

  • Neonatal Mortality Rate: 34 per 1,000 live births
  • Infant Mortality Rate:   70 per 1,000 live births
  • Under-5 Mortality Rate: 119 per 1,000 live births
  • Maternal Mortality Rate: 591 per 100,000 live births
  • 45 percent of Children under 5 are Stunted (Chronically Malnourished)
  • 28 percent of Children under 5 are Underweight
  • Only 47 percent of births are attended by a skilled health worker
  • More than half (51 percent) of the women do not receive any postnatal care.


Zamb Map


Lusaka is the capital city of Zambia. It is one of the fastest growing cities in Southern Africa. Lusaka has a population of approximately 2 million people.

Access to basic health care and education is limited and is often concentrated to certain areas, which makes it hard to reach for others. Basic Medical Health resources are limited in rural areas. Often there aren’t enough resources to service demand.

Educational materials – eg. Books, desks and teaching staff are not widely available to all.

Although there are several private hospitals in Lusaka. The vast majority are in a small area of Lusaka and are inaccessible to the average Zambian. Our findings from our research trip highlighted the need for an antenatal and under 5’s clinic. In the Garden house compound area the nearest clinic is a 2 hour walk away.


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